WHAT IS BIOFUEL? Biofuels are fuels that are created from organic material (biomass) either directly or indirectly. Organic materials can include those that come from plants or even animal waste. Biofuels are what provide us with bioenergy, which takes care of around 10 percent of the world’s energy needs.

WHERE DOES BIOFUEL COME FROM?

Due to the updates in current technology, biofuels can be pulled out of a variety of materials; waste, wood or crops, for instance. They can be in the form of either a liquid, solid, or a gas. There are both primary and secondary biofuels. Primary biofuels come from organic material that is used in its natural form such as firewood, wood chips, or pellets. Secondary biofuels come from organic material that is processed such as bio-oil, ethanol, or biodiesel.

The primary biofuels are used mostly for cooking, heating, and electricity while secondary biofuels are often used for motor vehicles and large-scale manufacturing. The secondary biofuels, ethanol, and biodiesel, are actually known as liquid biofuels.

HOW IS ETHANOL MADE?

 Ethanol is a type of alcohol that can be produced with the use of any feedstock (the raw material used as fuel in manufacturing) that is high in sugar (e.g., sugar cane) or starch (e.g., wheat).

WHERE DOES BIODIESEL COME FROM?

Biodiesel is produced through a process called transesterification from either vegetable oils, animal fats, or used cooking oils. This process converts oils and fats into renewable energy.

What is Biofuel?  This video will introduce you to biofuels and biomass.

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