SPACE DEBRIS SOLUTION: HOW TO GET RID OF SPACE DEBRIS
Removing space debris is a lot of work. Equipment that can safely remove fragments without hurting the planet must be used in order to do this. (Research from Orbital Debris: A Technical Assessment)
There should be more thought put into reusing rockets. Often, rockets are reusable when they end up back on the earth’s surface in one piece. Reusing rockets will keep space clean because there won’t be as many spent rocket bodies floating around in space. Technology has also made it easier for aerospace companies like Space X to make reusable space rockets.
Deorbiting means taking a satellite out of orbit and pulling it back to the earth’s surface. Basically, satellites that are no longer useful should be taken out of space. When an object from space reaches the earth’s atmosphere, it burns up and is no longer a problem. However, only small debris can completely burn up, so bigger objects need a different method.
Scientists are now working on making satellites that self-destruct when they are about to stop working. As the satellite approaches the end of its useful life, it will move towards the earth’s atmosphere. Then it will burn up instead of becoming space debris. The satellite’s onboard computer system will make sure it re-enters the atmosphere someplace it won’t cause harm.
Reducing Orbital Lifetime of Space Objects
Orbital lifetime is the amount of time an object in orbit spends in the space around the Earth. There are ways to speed up the natural decay process of a space object so that less debris is left in space. As a result, space debris won’t build up in a single place.