nanotech in farming


“Nano” is the Greek word for dwarf. Things on the nanoscale are really small stuff – really, really, really small. These particles measure 1–100 nanometers. They are extremely tiny; it takes 10 million nanometers to make one centimeter. There are nanoscience and nanotechnology fields. This technology is hugely beneficial in many areas, such as in the development of electronics, fuel cells, medicine, textiles, aerospace, and agriculture.


In agriculture, nanotechnology can be defined as the manipulation of nanoparticles. These particles measure 1–100 nanometers. They are extremely tiny; it takes 10 million nanometers to make one centimeter. They can increase agricultural production and solve agricultural problems

Nanotech in farming


People need food to eat. In addition, many poor countries earn a lot of their money from their agricultural production. Scientists are trying to increase food production by using nanotechnology. This will help feed the world and save farmers more money. (Research from Dove Press)

  • In the old days, scientists couldn’t see very well with microscopes because they could only see things that were big.
  • In 1981, scientists started to be able to see things that were small, like atoms. They did this with new microscopes.
  • Nanotechnology has been used in many different fields, including agriculture. In the past few years, nanotechnology changed how food is grown, and it keeps getting better.
  • Nanoparticles are tiny particles that you can’t see. Yet, these particles are in our food. They are used to make some foods safer and to make other foods easier to package.


Nano is the Greek word for dwarf. It is really small stuff, like really really really small. There are nanoscience and nanotechnology fields. When this technology is used in agriculture or farming, it can have a huge benefit. (Research from US National Library of Medicine)

  1. Agrochemicals

  • Nanotechnology is a new and better way to get plants the nutrients they need. For example, we can use nanotechnology to make fertilizer that is easier for plants to use.
  • Nano copper is a good fertilizer. It gives plants nutrition and protects them from disease. Nano nitrogen is another common fertilizer. 
  • Farmers can use nanotechnology to kill weeds without hurting the crops.
  1. Genetic Plant Engineering

  • Scientists have made flowers and plants stronger by using genetic reprogramming. They have done this so the plants can be resistant to things that hurt them.
  • Bits of DNA from plants with good traits could make plants more productive. It would help plants live in different conditions.
  1. Plant Monitoring / Diagnosis

  • It can be used to create sensors that can detect soil moisture levels or nutrient deficiencies in crops.
  • Many plants get sick. Scientists and farmers can use some molecules to detect plant diseases before they spread to other plants. 
  • Special machines can also tell if produce is bad before we eat them.
  1. Post-Harvest Management

  • Using nanomaterials, scientists are trying to make seeds last longer. This will help farmers after they’ve harvested their crops.
  • New nanotechnology can help us keep food fresher longer. That could save people money and decrease food waste.
  1. Animal Breeding and Animal Health

  • Scientists use nanotechnology to heal sick animals. Scientists also use it to find diseases in animals.
  • Traditionally, medicines were tested on different animals. That method was hard and expensive. New methods using nanoparticles are easier and cheaper.


As much as nanotechnology has positively impacted agriculture, there are concerns that need to be addressed. Besides, the application of nanotech concepts in agriculture is still in the experimental stages. (Research from Skyline University Nigeria)

  • Bioaccumulation

-Metal particles can build up in the bodies of animals that eat the plants. This process is called bioaccumulation. It happens because animals don’t get rid of things they eat fast enough. With time, it can cause health problems in animals.

  • Unpredictability

-The long-term effects of most nanoparticles are still unknown. We need more research to better understand nano-based materials used in agriculture.

  • Phyto-toxicity

-Phyto-toxicity describes any condition that can inhibit plant growth. Engineered nanoparticles can cause toxicity in plants if they are used improperly.

what is nanotechnology in farming


Nanotechnology applications can increase crop productivity while reducing environmental pollution. The use of nanotech concepts in farming and livestock keeping can improve food security in the world. 

Nonetheless, more research needs to be done on nanoparticles. This will help scientists avoid possible complications that may result from the use of nanomaterials.

Helpful Teaching Resources:

Other Recent Posts:

  • what is habitat conservation

What Is Habitat Conservation

Comments Off on What Is Habitat Conservation

WHAT IS HABITAT CONSERVATION? Habitat conservation means protecting the places where things on earth live.  A habitat is a place where a certain animal, plant, or other living thing lives. These places are [...]

  • sick building image

What Is Sick Building Syndrome?

Comments Off on What Is Sick Building Syndrome?

WHAT IS SICK BUILDING SYNDROME? Sick building syndrome is a term that describes a wide range of undefined symptoms that people have when they live in a building. It is mostly because of [...]

  • What Is Hydrology

What Is Hydrology?

Comments Off on What Is Hydrology?

WHAT IS HYDROLOGY? Hydrology is the study of water from a scientific standpoint. It includes the study of water's occurrence, properties, circulation, and distribution on, beneath, and above the earth's surface. Hydrologists are [...]

  • define ocean acidification

What Is Ocean Acidification?

Comments Off on What Is Ocean Acidification?

WHAT IS OCEAN ACIDIFICATION? Ocean acidification is the process by which the ocean absorbs carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, thus decreasing the ocean’s pH. The ocean absorbs up to one-third of the carbon [...]

  • what is the wildlife trade

What Is the Wildlife Trade?

Comments Off on What Is the Wildlife Trade?

WHAT IS THE WILDLIFE TRADE? It is called the "wildlife trade" when people trade and sell living or dead wild animals and plants. This practice has a direct effect on biodiversity and also [...]

  • Why corals are important

Why Are Coral Reefs Important?

Comments Off on Why Are Coral Reefs Important?

Why Are Coral Reefs Important? At first look, you may think you’re looking at a lump of colorful rocks. But, these are not rocks. These eye-catching figures are coral reefs! Found in oceans [...]

  • ocean dead zone

Ocean Dead Zones

Comments Off on Ocean Dead Zones

Ocean Dead Zones The ocean is an important part of our ecosystem. It produces most of the oxygen we breathe. It’s also very important for our economy, providing food for many people around [...]

  • walking outside and fitness

Walking for Fitness

Comments Off on Walking for Fitness

Walking is an excellent way to stay fit and healthy. In fact, walking has been proven to be one of the best ways to lose weight because it burns calories. It also helps [...]

  • What's Avian Flu

What’s Avian Flu?

Comments Off on What’s Avian Flu?

What is Avian Flu? Avian flu, also known as avian influenza or bird flu, is a viral disease that primarily affects birds. The virus can be transmitted between different species of birds, but [...]

  • what is carbon absorption

What is Carbon Absorption

Comments Off on What is Carbon Absorption

What is Carbon Absorption? Carbon absorption, or carbon sequestration, is the capture and storage of carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere. This process occurs naturally through photosynthesis in plants and algae, which absorb [...]

Have a Topic Suggestion ? We are Open to New Ideas!