monarch butterfly conservation


Besides being beautiful, the monarch butterfly has a very important job in the world. Monarch butterflies have unique bright colors on their bodies that help them avoid being eaten by other bugs, and monarch butterfly conservation is highly important.


Monarch butterflies are essential for the survival of most plant and animal species. Their presence or absence can impact the environment in several ways. (Research source: Sciencing)

monarchs and the environment


  • A pollinator is a butterfly that carries pollen around. They move from flower to flower, taking pollen grains with them. When plants are pollinated, they can make fruit and seeds.
  • When monarch butterflies search for food, they accidentally touch the stamen, which is the part of a flower that makes pollen.
  • Nearly three-quarters of all food crops on Earth need pollination to grow. This means that when there are no pollinators, the earth may not be able to get enough food.

Monarch butterflies are a source of food for other animals

  • Monarch butterflies are a source of food for other animals, such as birds and fish.
  • Monarchs are an important part of the food chain. A lot of animals like birds, bats, lizards, and other small animals eat them.
  • Most animals like the larvae of monarch butterflies.
  • Monarch butterfly eggs may be eaten by animals like fire ants and spiders.

The presence of Monarch butterflies indicates a healthy ecosystem

Monarch butterflies are a sign that the environment is healthy because they are very sensitive to toxic substances. It means they can only live in a place that is good for them. People who study ecosystems use monarch butterflies to see if it’s healthy or not. This can be done by studying their migration and feeding habits. These bugs can help scientists figure out some of the things that might be hurting an ecosystem.

Monarch butterflies eat weedy plants

  • Milkweed is the plant that monarch larvae like to live on. This plant has toxic chemicals that can hurt humans and other animals.
  • During the larval stage, young monarchs only eat milkweed leaves because they are so small.
  • They can help keep the number of milkweed plants in check.


Like most living things, monarch butterflies need certain conditions to thrive in their environment:

monarch butterfly habitat

1. Presence of Milkweed

  • Milkweed is the only food for the larvae of monarch butterflies. Monarchs can’t live in a place where there is no milkweed because the larvae will starve to death.
  • They only lay their eggs on milkweed plants. They prefer to put the eggs on the underside of the leaf to keep them from being exposed to the sun.
  • Monarchs are protected from predators by the poison in milkweed plants.

2. Favorable Temperature Conditions

  • Monarch butterflies are cold-blooded. As a result, they have to use ambient heat to keep their temperature stable.
  • Monarchs do well in places where the temperature is warm.
  • Extremely cold places can paralyze or freeze monarch butterflies.

3. Flowering Plants

  • Adult monarch butterflies eat nectar from flowers to stay alive. A good place for a monarch to live should have a lot of plants that flower.
  • Nectar gives monarchs the energy they need to fly and find food.


Monarch butterflies may not be able to live for very long because of a lot of things. (Research source: National Park Service)

threats to monarch butterflies

Climate Change

Monarch butterflies can be hurt by changes in temperature caused by climate change. Furthermore, monarch butterflies are very sensitive to temperature changes. In cold weather, they can freeze. In addition, very low temperatures may slow the growth of monarch caterpillars.

Habitat loss and Fragmentation

In the long run, when forests are cut down, monarchs lose their places to live. Habitat fragmentation can also change the migration routes of monarch butterflies. This makes the butterflies more vulnerable to bad weather, which leads to their death.

Monarch butterflies can only live and grow in a place that is good for them.

Widespread Loss of Milkweed

In order to get food and shelter, monarch caterpillars have to eat milkweed plants. Even though the plant is toxic, people remove it from their farms because of this.

Female monarch butterflies won’t have any place to lay their eggs without milkweed.

Pesticide Use

The use of pesticides on farms has a big impact on the number of monarch butterflies. Most of these chemicals kill milkweed plants, but some of them don’t. They have nothing to eat.

Pesticides can kill monarch caterpillars, and they may also harm the eggs, so they should be used with care. As a result, the number of monarch butterflies will dramatically fall in areas where pesticides are used a lot.

Loss of Nectar-producing Plants

Some ecosystems don’t have many plants that flower. This stops monarch butterflies from getting enough food. Food shortages can lead to death, a smaller population, and may also make it more difficult for people to move.


During their short lives, monarch butterflies can only live for 2 to 6 weeks after they hatch. This, however, will depend on where they are.

They may die before the six weeks are up because of bad weather or not enough food. For another thing, monarch butterflies may live for 8 to 9 months in the last generation of the year

Monarch butterfly sanctuaries give these bugs the right conditions to live to their full potential.


Environmentally, it is important to keep the number of monarch butterflies alive. They’ve been going down a lot over the years, so this isn’t a surprise they need protection.

The number of monarchs can only grow when their habitats are repaired or restored.

Monarch butterflies can live longer if we plant milkweed that is native to their habitats. However, milkweed should not be planted near areas where the birds spend the winter. This could change their migration habits.

They also need nectar plants for food. Conservation groups want people to plant flowers in their gardens to help the monarch population grow.

Pesticides should not be used in places where monarch butterflies like to visit, because the chemicals can harm them.


As a group, monarch butterflies aren’t as endangered as other types of butterflies. Their place on the endangered species list is not as high as it should be.

The monarch population has changed a lot over the last few years. At some point, these bugs were on the verge of extinction.

monarch butterfly facts


They die about two to six weeks after they emerge from the egg. Monarchs become tired as they near the end of their lives. Lethargy is when you don’t do anything and you don’t have a lot of energy.

A monarch butterfly that is dying might not want to eat. Monarch caterpillars are also at risk from these signs. As soon as they are about to die, the caterpillars of the monarch butterfly turn a dark color. They also lose their shape.



The number of monarch butterflies is going down because they are losing their habitats. Changing weather is also putting a strain on migration routes for the monarch butterfly.

This means that these bugs can no longer reproduce the way they used to because there are not as many milkweed plants in their habitats as there used to be. n Monarch butterfly conservation needs to be a priority of environmental groups to protect from extinction.


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