local food


The body needs food to stay healthy. Food contains substances called nutrients that give the body energy. Carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals are nutrients, and water is too.

Food can be imported from other places or produced locally:


Some farmers sell food grown where you live. That is called local food. (Research from US Department of Agriculture)

  • Local food is grown 100 miles or less from the place where it will be sold.
  • Anybody who buys food and other products is a consumer. People who live near farms are called local consumers.
  • People can grow food around their homes or they can get it from farmers who grow a lot of food.


Food production is complicated and takes a long time. Farmers now can serve the people in their area. Also, it is good for the environment because it provides a lot of benefits.

How buying local food helps the environment
  1. Reduces the Emission of Carbon Dioxide (CO2)

  • Buying local food can reduce people’s carbon footprint because it reduces emissions. Emissions are the stuff that causes bad pollution. 
  • When food is transported over long distances, it causes pollution. Vehicles used in transporting food make carbon dioxide and other harmful gasses.
  • CO2 is a problem. It causes cloud cover in the sky. Then, when the sun’s rays reach the earth the heat gets trapped. This causes the greenhouse effect, which causes climate change.
  1. Preserves Agricultural Biodiversity

  • People who eat local food are protecting the diversity of plants and animals on farms.
  • Local farmers grow many different kinds of plants together on the same land. That makes the plants healthier.
  • Local farmers often grow multiple crops on the same piece of land. This increases the number of soil microbes. Microbes are super small living things that help the soil. 
  • Buying fruits and vegetables from local farmers can help protect the environment because farmers may be able to use less chemicals.
  1. Promotes Sustainable Agriculture

  1. Preserves Local Farmlands

  • Local food is grown with methods that allow the farmer to use fewer chemicals. That way, farmers can take care of the environment.
  • When farmers sell land, it can lead to the loss of plants, like grass. Plants are important for the environment because they help reduce global warming.
why local food is healthier


Local food is good for both the environment and humans. It is often considered healthier compared to imported food because it reaches consumers when it’s still fresh.

Why Local Food Is Healthier:


  • Preservatives keep food from rotting. Eating too much of some preservatives can be bad for you. 
  • Companies use chemicals to keep food from going bad, and some of these chemicals are dangerous. Since locally produced food is close to the people who eat it, you don’t need to add as many preservatives to it. 


  • It is good to buy food from farms near where you live. That way you can get the most nutrients.
  • Some of the food you eat might lose some of their nutrients when they are imported. However, if the food has traveled very little (known as “food miles”), it probably has more of the nutrients left.

No Pesticides

  • Local farmers use less or no pesticides during food production. In fact, many practice organic farming, which is good for the environment.
  • Organic farming limits the use of artificial fertilizers and other farm chemicals.
  • High exposure to exposure to pesticides can result in serious health problems.


Local foods are sold in different places. (Research from Arrowquip)

  1. Local Grocery Stores

  • Some grocers get their products from local producers within the neighborhood or city. Local foods may or may not be labeled.
  1. Local Food Delivery Services

  • Farmers can sell their food in the towns where they live. Some farmers even have programs that will deliver food to local buyers. 
  1. Farmers’ Markets

  • Some farmers sell things at markets at certain times of the month or year. These markets have a lot of different local food products that people can buy.
  1. Community Supported Agriculture (CSA)

  • With a CSA, people can buy fresh food before it’s ready to harvest. Buyers can order it from a farm ahead of time. Then after the harvest, the farmer will deliver it or buyers will pick it up. 
how to buy local food


It’s better for the environment to buy local food instead of food from a long way away. Food that travels fewer “food miles” is better for the environment. Plus, local food doesn’t need as many chemicals.  

Buying local foods can help counter the effects of global warming. It can also make us healthier!

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