ARE FARMING AND CLIMATE CHANGE-RELATED?

Farming is a major contributor to climate change. However, the effect of climate change also makes farming a victim. It is found that factory farming creates about 1/3 of greenhouse gas (things that heat up the earth). Also, it makes more than 40% of methane. 

The use of chemicals to helps plants grow, bug killers and animal wastes are the major causes of these effects. Overall, the relationship between farming and climate change is becoming more clear.

HOW DOES CLIMATE CHANGE AFFECT FOOD SECURITY?

  • Climate change is a threat multiplier for hungry and undernourished people
  • It can affect food availability and access to food.
  • Food quality and strength of food systems are reduced
  • Higher levels of CO2 reduce the nutritional value of crops
  • Extreme weather-related disasters are increasing
  • Weather changes reduce the number of crops farmers can make

CLIMATE CHANGE CONVERSATION

Is it time to stop the political games that rule food safety policy? Should politicians start focusing more on human health? Luckily, discussions about food safety reform are becoming more common.

  • There is a growing need to recognize the extreme impor­tance of farming to reduce climate change.
  • More money needed to improve farming in developing countries.
  • The meat industry is a powerful political force.
  • Businesses have a loud voice. They have weakened or prevented many new meat-safety ideas.

WHAT STOPS US FROM REDUCING AGRICULTURE AND CLIMATE CHANGE?

Soon after scientists found a link between animal farming and global warming media coverage increased. Next, many anti-meat supporters said the farming industry was the reason for food shortages and world hunger.

• Simply not eating meat is not the easy way out of climate change.
Natural resource loss is a crucial argument of anti-meat bias.
• Food for a profit is another important issue. There is a major business interest in “clean meat”, which is meat from a plant source.

WHAT ARE ANIMAL AGRICULTURE EMISSIONS?

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) defines harmful gases from agriculture as greenhouse gas from farm animals such as cows, farm soils, and rice growing. According to the COWSPIRACY “Animal farming is responsible for 18% of greenhouse gases (these gases heat up the earth), more than the combined exhaust from all transportation.”

For instance:

  • Fertilizing soils, forest clearing, produce moving, and animal farming cause about 1/3 of the world’s emissions of greenhouse gases including more than 40% of methane.
  • Worldwide, farm animals account for between 14.5% and 18% of human-caused greenhouse gas emissions. These harmful gases heat up the earth and are very dangerous.
  • Methane levels have doubled in less than 10 years after remaining flat since the 1990s.

MEAT CONSUMPTION – DEVELOPED VERSUS UNDERDEVELOPED COUNTRIES

Developing countries now eat about 1/3 of the meat. Also, they drink 1/4 of the milk produced worldwide. In fact, the amount of meat and dairy consumption in developing countries is increasing faster than in the developed countries.

• Meat is an important source of nutrition and worldwide demand for meat is growing. It has more than quadrupled over the past 50 years!
• Asia is the largest meat producer. They account for around 40-45 % of total meat production.
Meat consumption is highest across high-income countries. High-income countries consume nearly 80 kilograms per person in one year.
• Meat-eating patterns across Africa differ. Some African countries eat as little as 10 kilograms per person in one year.

WHAT DO YOU THINK?

How can we reduce greenhouse gases from farming? Can we do so and still eat meat?

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