Preclinical research is often utilized in order to determine the overall safety of any new drugs being developed that are going to be used on humans. Because it’s necessary to test the effectiveness of these new drugs on living creatures, animal models are often used.

animal research animal testing preclinical research
animal research animal testing preclinical testing

In order to determine the overall effectiveness of the drug and because medical device testing can take years to complete, it’s truly essential that the animal being considered for medical testing meets any and all necessary requirements.

Anytime preclinical research involves the testing of new drugs, a number of different animals are considered in order to determine which animal models will work best for the particular drug being created.

animal research animal testing preclinical research
animal research animal testing preclinical research

The decision on which animal to use in a new preclinical research is based on a few different factors. These factors include but are not limited to the type of drug being tested, the size of the animal models, and the characteristics of the animal models.

For example, medical device testing often includes pacemakers. Because this type of medical device testing requires it to be attached to the animal, smaller animal models like mice simply won’t work; even though mice are one of the most utilized animals when it comes to preclinical research. Thus, finding the appropriate animal model for an upcoming preclinical research is going to be essential for the overall success of the research study.

animal research animal testing preclinical research
animal research animal testing preclinical testing

Other animals often used for preclinical research studies include rabbits, pigs, sheep, guinea pigs, birds, fish, and ferrets.

Although dogs, cats, and non-human primates are also used in preclinical research studies, as they have many characteristics that make them similar to humans, these animal models account for less than 1% used in preclinical research studies.

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